Sumatra earthquake of 2004

Sumatra Earthquaıke

Sumatra earthquake of 2004, As a result of an earthquake that occurred on the ocean floor of the Indian Ocean on December 26, 2004, the Sumatra earthquake, also known as the Sumatra tsunami, is regarded as one of the deadliest tragedies to have ever happened. The Sumatra earthquake, one of the ten deadliest earthquakes ever recorded, occurred off the Indonesian island of Sumatra, from which it gets its name, and the countries surrounding the Indian Ocean were affected by the enormous waves that ensued from the earthquake. This 9.1-magnitude earthquake occurred at a depth of 30 km in the earth’s crust, and its magnitude was measured as 9.3. The violence in this case overshadowed the greatness. This is because the 9.1 earthquake that occurred had more energy than it had destructive force, which is why it happened. A 9.1 magnitude earthquake occurred in the area as a result of the energy released when the continental plate in the area collapsed, sending enormous waves up to tens of meters in height.

The catastrophic 9.1 Richter earthquake that occurred off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, on December 26, 2004, began by striking Sumatra. The ocean water was churned for around 10 minutes, during which time it naturally formed enormous waves known as tsunamis. Sumatra, the earthquake’s epicenter, was pounded by ocean waves right away, and the island was nearly entirely flooded. Huge waves that quickly developed following the earthquake naturally reached Indonesia, the closest country by land. When these enormous tsunami waves, which were over 30 meters high, struck Indonesia in the morning, many people were either caught in the waves in their bedrooms or on the beaches. Indonesia was the first nation to be affected, and although the official death toll was estimated at 130 thousand, the actual number increased to 167 thousand due to the losses.

Sumatra earthquake of 2004

Sumatra earthquake of 2004, Aside from the initial waves hitting Indonesia, the waves caused by the earthquake that began to move towards the major Asian nations of Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand, respectively, reached the coastlines of these countries in a short period of time, like 1-2 hours, and thousands of people were killed. has taken his life away. Sri Lanka was the nation most severely impacted by the tsunami, except from Indonesia, even though no other nation suffered as many fatalities as Indonesia. It should be mentioned that Sri Lanka acted as a breakwater for India in this situation. Sri Lanka has suffered the greatest casualties, followed by Indonesia with 35,322 losses. Sri Lanka is situated in the exact position of a breakwater in front of India’s nose opening to the Indian Ocean. Aside from Indonesia and Sri Lanka, India was one of the nations that was severely impacted by the tsunami, losing 18,000 people, while Thailand lost 8,000. The Sumatra earthquake unleashed so much energy that it was calculated that the continental tectonic plates moved by about 1 centimeter.


We must acknowledge that the tsunami, which was fueled by the energy generated by this earthquake, traveled as far as the African continent, even though Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand were the nations that suffered the most devastation after it. Somalia, Myanmar, the Maldives, Malaysia, Tanzania, the Seychelles, Bangladesh, South Africa, Yemen, and Kenya were among the nations that suffered as a result of the tsunami. According to recent study, this earthquake, which lasted for around 10 minutes, claimed the lives of about 230 000 individuals. Many nations gave these destroyed nations financial aid during this catastrophe. A 14 billion dollar relief fund was also established.

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