There are two types of lung cancer: small cell lung cancer and large cell lung cancer.
Lung cancer with large cells:
They occur more frequently than small cell lung cancers. At the same time, their growth and spread are quite slow. In terms of structure and spread, there isn’t much difference between these cancers, which have three subtypes.
Lung cancer with small cells:
This type of cancer, which is also known as “Oat Cell Cancer” in some cases, is less common than other lung cancers, but cancer cells in this type of cancer complete their development much faster and frequently spread to other organs.
Lung cancer causes include:
– Cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other tobacco products
– Asbestos is used in some factories or businesses that construct ships, insulate buildings, and repair brakes.
– secondhand smoking
– Pollution of the air
Lung cancer symptoms include:
– Constant and persistent coughing – Recurrent chest pain – blood in the saliva
– shortness of breath – wheezing while breathing – contracting numerous diseases such as pneumonia and bronchitis – swelling in all parts of the neck and face – loss of appetite and thus weight loss
– Constant exhaustion
– A simple ailment can also cause the symptoms listed above. It is always a good idea to consult a doctor about this.
Treatment for lung cancer:
Each patient receives a unique treatment plan based on the type of cancer, the stage of development, and the overall health of the patient.
Surgical treatment: This is the term used to describe the surgical removal of cancer-containing parts from the lung.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells that have spread. It is a combination of several drugs, and nurses who administer it must be experts in their field.
Photodynamic therapy refers to the introduction of a specially prepared substance against cancer cells into the bloodstream. This substance lingers in cancer cells for a long time. Following this stage, cancerous cells are destroyed using a laser light source.
Patients whose cancer is found to have ended after surgery are given a “adjuvant” treatment. The goal of adjuvant therapy is to destroy cancer cells that have gone undetected.