II. German reconstruction after World War II involved a large number of immigrants. Yugoslavs and Italians worked hard in Germany in the 1960s, long before Turks arrived as temporary workers and settled there. Germany’s expanding economy required new stimuli after the majority of these nations’ expatriates went home. Many immigrants arrived in Germany as workers after the bilateral agreement with Turkey. Despite having a temporary status, these individuals stayed in Germany for the ensuing years, establishing themselves, unlike the Yugoslavs and Italians, who returned. In this regard, Turks currently hold the top spot as the immigrant group with the highest population. They have a history in Germany dating back to the fourth generation. On the path to Germanization, Turks are making more progress than ever. According to projections, there will be 6–8 million Turkish and Turkish-born German citizens living in Germany in the ensuing 20–30 years. The Turkish government also offers German citizens who are Turkish citizens serious assistance in obtaining German citizenship. Out of the 3 million Turks living in Germany, only about 1 million are citizens. Numerous citizens who are enamored with the option model are among them.
The German Citizenship Law underwent a significant change on January 1, 2000. Due to this modification, Germany has abolished dual citizenship. Dual citizenship is still permitted in some circumstances, though. The first of these is the legitimate acquisition of more than one citizenship at the time of birth and in circumstances where it is extremely difficult to renounce citizenship. In Germany, when it comes to dual citizenship, these two requirements are still the most desired. According to German domestic law, you are not eligible to become a dual citizen if you don’t fit one of these criteria.
The foundation of this practice are Turks. In actuality, the goal of this change in the law is to stop Turks from possessing two passports in this nation. As a result, Turkey has conducted numerous studies since the 1990s and started issuing Pink Cards, or as it is now known, Blue Cards, for foreigners with this status, which it considers to be a privileged situation. With the help of this card, Turks who are unable to obtain dual citizenship because of local laws can forego their Turkish citizenship privilege and obtain citizenship in another nation. In this instance, Turkey also issues an identity card known as a “Blue Card” to these individuals. The primary prerequisite for receiving this card is being a Turkish citizen by birth. The Blue Card does not have any rights if it is acquired later.
Blue Card holders continue to enjoy the same rights granted to Turkish citizens, with the exception of those related to importing household goods and vehicles, serving in positions that qualify as permanent public service, running for office, and serving in the armed forces. In other words, they still have the right to be treated as Turks. As a result, they have the freedom to live, work, and exercise their other rights anywhere within the borders of Turkey. It could even be argued that it offers more benefits than Turkish citizenship does. The nations that gain the most from the Blue Card application include Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. In both nations, it is illegal to hold dual citizenship.