Soilless agriculture is a recent term that has been used frequently. Farmers, agriculturists, and individuals who enjoy eating hormone-free fruits and vegetables at home continue to be curious about it in our nation. With the public’s interest in eating food devoid of hormones, the issue that farmers discussed ten years ago has gained media attention.
The unplanned urbanization brought on by the rapid rise in global population, the rise in industrial cities, the exploitation of arable land, etc. The product is grown in special containers where seedlings will form in hydroponic agriculture, also known as soilless agriculture. A Danish import called “rock wool” is used to plant the seedling. The preferred material is rock wool because of its capacity to retain water. The rock wool and perlite are added to the container that will hold the seedling. The seedling’s exposure to temperature changes is reduced thanks to the thermal insulation provided by perlite material. Bees are left in the environment to ensure pollination and fertilization after the seedlings have been planted and when they have matured. And in this way the seedling receives fertilization, giving rise to the fruit (tomato, cucumber, pepper, strawberry, etc.).
According to well-known sources, Turkey will have 15,000 acres of hydroponic greenhouses in two or three years. The product yield with this method is five times greater than with conventional agriculture. A tomato seed can yield about 16 thousand tomatoes in hydroponic farming with dynamic water culture, and a decare can produce 80 tons of product.
This type of farming doesn’t employ hormones or pesticides. Because of this, traditional greenhouse growers are drawn to these soilless greenhouses that produce high-end goods without using toxic materials. Despite the product’s high price, the breeders claim that marketing is not difficult and that there are always consumers for both the domestic market and export.
What Are the Advantages of Hydroponic Agriculture?
Of course, its soillessness is its most striking characteristic. It is impossible to find land for agriculture in nations where the majority of the land is infertile or desert. As a result, imports account for the majority of human food consumption. But now that a new technique has been developed, soilless agriculture is practiced everywhere in the world, making it simple to meet the needs of the populace.
The production of the same product over an extended period of time, which results in soil fatigue, is one of the biggest issues in areas where greenhouse cultivation is popular. As a result, the soil becomes less fertile. To prevent soil fatigue, leave it fallow—that is, give it a rest—or switch the crop that will be grown. However, these methods are both unfeasible and unprofitable for breeders.
– Plant damage caused by harmful weeds and diseases that spread between crops is one of the biggest issues facing those who work in agriculture. In places where agriculture is practiced intensively and the same plants are continuously grown, immune-forming diseases, harmful, and weeds are major issues. Even though efforts are made to completely control this issue by using drugs to combat it, this is not possible.
– Excessive fertilization is preferred to get high yield and high-quality plants from plants in soil-based farming areas, especially in greenhouses. In this instance, it has an adverse impact on the environment and makes it impossible to supply fertilizers for agricultural areas in the future.
– In soil agriculture, it can be challenging to gauge how much water is given to the plants. The amount of water that penetrates the soil deeply is then lost due to evaporation from the soil and the finished product. As a result, the amount of water used to irrigate the plants may be nearly five times greater than the amount used in soilless agriculture.